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2020-04-01 16:22

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????????listentohisownhandpickedengineer,LieutenantLucienNapoleon-BonaparteWyse,whoslappedtogetheraplanforhim,probablyputtogetheroutofdocumentsobtainedillegallyfromtheUnitedStatessurveyteam'sreports.Unbelievably,heproposedatunnelthroughthemountains,followingthelineoftheexistingrailway,toavoidhavingtoexcavatethepathcompletely.ItwaspointedouttoWysethatthewatercourseheproposedmoving,theChagresRiver,????????Nile????????????????WysethenproposedthattheywouldpasstheChagresunderthetunnelinstead.Almostunheard,anengineernamedBaronGodindeLepinayproposedanalternateplanthatwoulduseaman-madelakeasastagingareaforshipstopassoneanother.Hewasvoteddown.Thecongress,packedwithdeLesseps'ssupporters,votedinfavoroftheplan.Thecompanyseemedtohavebeenindisarrayfromthebeginning.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????10???000????????????1?2000???????????????2?1400????andeventheFrenchengineeringboardputthecostat$168million.DeLessepsclaimeditcouldbedoneinsixyears.???????????DeLesseps???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????·????????????????????????????????????????????????

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????????,????????????,?????????????,????????????????????,?????????????????,??????????????????????????????,???????????????????????????????????????,????????Franciszka?ska????????????????:???????????????·??·??????????

150???????????????????????????????100?000???????????????????????????NapoleonIII.(It'sinterestingtonotethattherehadbeenarudimentarycanalthatdatedfromthedaysofthepharaohsuptotheRomanoccupationofEgypt,butithadbeenabandonedandallowedtobecomederelictwhenshippingaroundtheCapeofGoodHopebecamepossible.)TheSuezprojecthadoriginallybeendelayedbecauseofabeliefthatthetwoseas,theRedSeaandtheMediterraneanSea,?????????????????????????????deLesseps?????????????????????????????makingdeLessepsanationalhero.ThegrandopeninginNovember1869wasanenormousoccasion.GiuseppeVerdihadbeencommissionedtocomposetheoperaAida,?????????????????alsobuiltincelebrationofthenewcanal.Sixyearslater,deLesseps?????????????????????????LaGrandeTranchee."???????????????????????DeLesseps???????????????????????????????thecarriersofyellowfeverandmalaria.1880???NavyCommanderThomasO.Selfridge????????????????????????????????????????(ThediseasewasnothalteduntilaftertheAmericanstookovertheprojectmanyyearslater,???WalterReedsenthisprotégé,WilliamC.?????????????????????????????????????????????????

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